career counseling history counseling and consultation

Theoretical Perspectives

Learners taking this course come from a variety of specializations—school, mental health, career counseling, or marriage and family counseling or therapy. Given this variety, apply your readings and understandings about career theories and consultation in your specialization to the following case scenario. You may also want to apply the research findings from the article you found in this unit, if applicable. Be sure to clearly identify your specialization in your post.

Read the scenario below and apply a theoretical framework from either Holland or Krumboltz. In your discussion, state the theory you are applying along with the key principles, and explain how this theory could be used to assist the client. The case scenario is brief, but you may embellish as needed to completely address this discussion.

Scenario

Jose is a 20-year-old male and just earned his high-school diploma. Jose completed a fifth year of high school to earn the needed credits for his diploma. Jose has lived with his maternal grandparents since he was five years old due to his mother’s involvement with illegal drugs.

Jose came to the counseling center today because he does not know where to look for work now that he has completed high school. Jose’s friend, Tara, told him that you could help him find a job. He worked at a fast-food restaurant for a couple of summers, but he does not want to do that type of work again. Jose is the first to finish high school in his family and his grandmother told him it is time for him to go to work, so he can help with the family expenses. Jose describes a very close relationship with his grandmother, who gave up a lot to care for him. She is now 70 and in poor health. She had to quit her part-time job a few months ago due to illness.

As you talk with Jose, you learn that he failed most of his classes the first two years of high school, but the last three years he has done very well. Jose proudly tells you that he graduated with a 2.9 GPA. Jose does not see himself attending college, because he needs to go to work to help his grandmother. Jose is soft-spoken, with limited eye contact, but is very polite in his responses.

Response Guidelines

Review and respond to the posts of two of your peers with at least one post discussing a theory different from the one you selected. Critically analyze your understanding of career counseling and consultation as compared to your colleagues’ posts. Detail what you think may be effective about using career counseling with clients.

Learning Components

This activity will help you achieve the following learning components:

  • Identify the career counseling theories.
  • Apply a theoretical framework from either Holland or Krumboltz to a scenario.
  • Explain how a chosen theory could be used to assist a client.
  • Describe the details as to what may be effective about using career counseling with clients.
  • Apply the research findings from a selected article pertaining to a case scenario and consistent with one’s area of specialization.

Developmental and Person-in-Environment Theories

Using the same case scenario provided in the first discussion in this unit, apply a theoretical framework from Super. State key principles from this theory, and review how this theory could be used to assist the client.

Response Guidelines

Respond to the posts of at least two of your peers, choosing at least one post representing a specialization different from yours. For example, if you are studying school counseling, respond to a post that deals with mental health. Offer your peer constructive criticism of his or her understanding of the theory and how it applies to career counseling and consultation.

Learning Components

This activity will help you achieve the following learning components:

  • Apply a theoretical framework from Super to a scenario.
  • Offer peer-constructive criticism regarding an understanding of theory and how it applies to career counseling and consultation.
 
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