After reading the articles on aggression and prejudice (attached), answer the following questions:
What are some of the key predictors of prejudice? What are some of the key predictors of aggression? What are the similarities between prejudice and aggression? What does the social psychological perspective tell us about the prospects for reducing prejudice or aggression? What ethical implications arise from the study of prejudice and aggression?
Use research from the Shapiro Library to support your claims.
To complete this assignment, review the Graduate Discussion Rubric document.
AFTER COMPLETING THE INITIAL POST, PLEASE ALSO RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING TWO STUDENTS REGARDING THE SAME TOPIC!
Both aggression and prejudice have predictors. I think the main predictor of prejudice is feeling isolated. According to Brewer (1999) when someone feels isolated they develop the drive to feel inclusion. Additionally, this means that people will engage in prejudice until they feel they are equal with others and not feel isolated. For aggression, I believe that a aggressive predictor was the exposure of aggression. Observing aggression affects the probability of aggressive behavior (Bandura & Ross, 1961). The similarities between prejudice and aggression is that they are both caused by observing behavior. Neither are caused just because, instead are caused by what the observer sees in another people. The social psychology perspective tells us that these behaviors can be reduced if we all treat each other equally and with respect. Since these two behaviors are caused by observing behavior, it can be reduced by other people making us feel included. Some ethical implications that can arise are operationally defining prejudice and aggression. Many researchers may have a different opinion on how to operationally define them. Thus, this can affect the validity of the study. Additionally, both of these behaviors can be sensitive topics and can invade the privacy of the participants.
Bandura, A.; Ross, D.; Ross, S. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of abnormal and social psychology, 68(3). 575-582.
Brewer, M. (1999). The psychology of prejudice: ingroup love or outgroup hate? Journal of social issues, 55(3). 429-444.
A group of people, Brewer and Campbell (1976) referred to as an in-group, who are similar and familiar with each other and who differentiate themselves as a group from others are predictors of prejudice. Superiority and fear also are predictors of prejudice (Brewer & Campbell, 1976). Observation of aggression is a key predictor of aggression (Bandura, Ross & Ross, 1961). One study showed children being exposed to aggression were more likely to imitate aggression, and boys were more likely than girls (Bandura, Ross & Ross, 1961). One similarity between prejudice and aggression is they both learned from observation. Both studies provide us information about aggression and prejudice which can be used for reducing these negative behaviors. The prospects of such are promising as the studies show the behaviors are learned, therefore the implications would be the opposite behaviors can be learned as well. Researchers must always be conscious whenever studying negative behaviors in humans to be sure not to cause any harm, physically or emotionally or psychologically.
Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 68(3). 575-582.
Brewer, M. (1999). The psychology of prejudice: ingroup love or outgroup hate? Journal of Social Issues, 55(3). 429-444.